Burns Bog was used by First Nations people, including the Tsawwassen, Semiahmoo, Sto:lo, Katzie, and Musqueam First Nations, for thousands of years.
The bog produces an abundant supply of blackberries, blueberries, cranberries and salal berries, and would have been an important source of food for people in the region. There are many medicinal plants in Burns Bog, such as Labrador tea, western bog-laurel, sundew and Sphagnum moss. Hunting was also common in Burns Bog, particularly for Black Bears, Black-tailed Deer, elk and perhaps ducks.
During the Burns Bog Ecosystem Review, the Tsawwassen, Semiahmoo, and Sto:lo First Nations indicated that Burns Bog is extremely important in terms of cultural, archaeological, traditional and current uses. These groups also indicated that conservation of the Burns Bog area is important to them. Several First Nations highlighted the importance of conducting an archaeological assessment of the Burns Bog area. The oldest known archaeological site near Burns Bog is called Glenrose, after the Glenrose cannery. The site is located under the Alex Fraser Bridge in North Delta, and is estimated to be 4,500 years old.