Legalization of Non-Medical Cannabis


The Cannabis Act has received Royal Assent and beginning October 17, 2018, the sale of non-medical cannabis is now legal in Canada.


The Cannabis Act provides a legal framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale, and possession of non-medical cannabis across Canada. The current program for accessing cannabis for medical purposes will continue under the new Cannabis Act. 

This federal legislation creates significant responsibilities for all levels of government. On April 26, 2018, the BC Government released new legislation to regulate the sale and distribution of non-medical cannabis, which also takes effect on October 17, 2018.

Delta’s position

Since October 2017, Delta has provided submissions to both Health Canada and the BC Government on the legalization and regulation of non-medical cannabis. Locally, Delta has introduced bylaw amendments to strengthen its regulatory powers with respect to non-medical cannabis. At the August 13, 2018 Regular Meeting, Council gave final consideration and adoption to a new Delta Smoking Regulation Bylaw and associated amendments to the Bylaw Notice Enforcement Bylaw and the Municipal Ticketing Information Bylaw. View the staff memo and bylaws.

The BC Government’s legislation is generally consistent with Delta’s position. Some key issues of concern that Delta continues to lobby both the federal and provincial governments include:

  • Agricultural land – the cultivation of cannabis on lands in the Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR), and the need to protect agricultural land for food crop production. On July 13, 2018, the BC Government issued an information bulletin announcing changes that impact local government control over cannabis production in the ALR.

  • Home cultivation – there are concerns related to the personal cultivation of cannabis in homes, including youth/child access, health and safety issues relating to mold and electrical hazards, and the potential for home invasions and supply to the black market.

  • Edibles – the City requests that Health Canada implement additional controls to ensure that edible cannabis products are not visually appealing to children. View the staff report on the proposed federal regulation of cannabis edibles, extracts and topicals.

Reports and Related Documents


For questions related to Delta’s involvement, please contact:
Community Planning and Development Department
t: 604-946-3380

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